egg-getting-started-with-redux

三原则

Store

Single Immutable State Tree

Actions

action只是简单的JS Object, 必须包含一个key:type, 可以序列化。

Reducer

Pure Function,

reducer = (previousState, action) => nextState

Pure vs Impure

function squareAll(items) {
  return items.map(square);
}
function squareAll(items) {
  for (let i = 0; i < items.length; i++) {
    items[i] = square(items[i]);
  }
}

UI = PureFunction(state)

创建Store

const counter = (state = 0, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
    case 'INCREMENT':
      return state + 1;
    case 'DECREMENT':
      return state - 1;
    default:
      return state;
  }
}
import { createStore } from 'redux' // npm module syntax

const store = createStore(counter);

    this.store.subscribe(() => {
      console.log(this.store.getState());
      this.setState({
        value: this.store.getState(),
      })
    })

自己实现createStore

const createStore = (reducer) => {
  let state;
  let listeners = [];

  const getState = () => state;

  const dispatch = (action) => {
    state = reducer(state, action);
    listeners.forEach(listener => listener());
  };

  const subscribe = (listener) => {
    listeners.push(listener);
    return () => {
      listeners = listeners.filter(l => l !== listener);
    }
  };

  // dispatch({}); // dummy dispatch

  return { getState, dispatch, subscribe };

};

修改数组返回新的数组

const addCounter = (list) => {
  // return list.concat([0]); // old way
  return [...list, 0]; // ES6 way
};
const incrementCounter = (list, index) => {
  // Old way:
  // return list
  //  .slice(0, index)
  //  .concat([list[index] + 1])
  //  .concat(list.slice(index + 1));

  // ES6 way:
  return [
    ...list.slice(0, index),
    list[index] + 1,
    ...list.slice(index + 1)
  ];
};

修改对象返回新的对象

return Object.assign({}, todo, {
    completed: !todo.completed
  });
return {
    ...todo,
      completed: !todo.completed
  };

Reducer Composition with Arrays

一个小的reducer处理每一个元素, 然后大的reducer去调用。

Since reducers are normal JS functions, they can call other reducers to delegate & abstract away updates to the state.

Reducer composition can be applied many times. While there's a single top-level reducer managing the overall state of the app, it's encouraged to have reducers call each other as needed to manage the state tree.

Reducer Composition with Objects

To store this new information, we don't need to change the existing reducers. We will use reducer composition to create a new reducer that calls existing reducers to manage their parts of the state, then combine the parts into a single state object.

const todoApp = (state = {}, action) => {
  return {
     // Call the `todos()` reducer from last section
     todos: todos(
      state.todos, // 第一次的时候undefined, 刚好从子reducer里获取到默认值
      action
    ),
    visibilityFilter: visibilityFilter(
      state.visibilityFilter,
      action
    )
  };
};

combineReducers

reducer composition太常用了,所以提供一个工具函数。

const todoApp = combineReducers({
  todos: todos,
  visibilityFilter: visibilityFilter
});

By convention, the state keys should be named after the reducers that manage them.

可以用ES6语法更简洁:

const todoApp = combineReducers({
  todos,
  visibilityFilter
});

自己实现combineReducers

const combineReducers = reducers => {
  return (state = {}, action) => {

    // Reduce all the keys for reducers from `todos` and `visibilityFilter`
    return Object.keys(reducers).reduce(
      (nextState, key) => {
        // Call the corresponding reducer function for a given key
        nextState[key] = reducers[key] (
          state[key],
          action
        );
        return nextState;
      },
      {} // The `reduce` on our keys gradually fills this empty object until it is returned.
    );
  };
};

Example: TodoList

Adding a Todo

Toggling a Todo

Filtering Todos

Refactor

Extracting Presentational Components

  • Todo
  • TodoList

    One of the downsides to having separate presentational components is that we have to move around a lot of props, including the callbacks. However, we can easily solve this problem by introducing many intermediate container components.

Extracting Container Components

  • FilterLink
  • VisibleTodoList
  • AddTodo

    Passing Store

  • Explicitly via Props
  • Implicitly via Context

    You should only use context if you're using it for dependency injection.

  • Generating Containers with connect() from React Redux

  • VisibleTodoList
  • AddTodo
  • FooterLink

    Extracting Action Creators

文字内容

文字内容请参考http://gitbook.cn/gitchat/column/5a17c2e113c02f4a35ca5a7d 第八章。

视频地址

http://www.bilibili.com/video/av17174653/

http://www.bilibili.com/video/av17170654/

http://www.bilibili.com/video/av17170625/

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